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《加利福尼亚州民法典》节选  

2013-07-17 22:24:47|  分类: Literature |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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CIVIL CODE

SECTION 8720-8730


8720.  An owner shall provide security by any of the following means:
    

    (a) A bond that satisfies Section 8722.
 

  (b) An irrevocable letter of credit that satisfies Section 8724.
 

  (c) An escrow account that satisfies Section 8726.

8722.  A bond under this chapter shall satisfy all of the following requirements:
  (a) The bond shall be executed by an admitted surety insurer that is either listed in the Department of the Treasury's Listing of Approved Sureties (Department Circular 570) or that has an A.M. Best rating of A or better and has an underwriting limitation, under Section 12090 of the Insurance Code, greater than the amount of the bond.

  (b) The bond shall be in an amount not less than 15 percent of the contract price for the work of improvement or, if the work of improvement is to be substantially completed within six months after
the commencement of work, not less than 25 percent of the contract price.
  (c) The bond shall be conditioned for payment on default by the owner of any undisputed amount pursuant to the contract that is due and payable for more than 30 days.

8724.  An irrevocable letter of credit under this chapter shall satisfy all of the following requirements:
  (a) The letter of credit shall be issued by a financial institution, as defined in Section 5107 of the Financial Code,inuring to the benefit of the direct contractor.
  (b) The letter of credit shall be in an amount not less than 15 percent of the contract price for the work of improvement or, if the work of improvement is to be substantially completed within six months after the commencement of work, not less than 25 percent of the contract price.
  (c) The maturity date and other terms of the letter of credit shall be determined by agreement between the owner, the direct contractor, and the financial institution, except that the owner shall maintain the letter of credit in effect until the owner has satisfied its payment obligation to the direct contractor.


8726.  An escrow account under this chapter shall satisfy all of the following requirements:
  (a) The account shall be designated as a "construction security escrow account."
  (b) The account shall be located in this state and maintained with an escrow agent licensed under the Escrow Law, Division 6 (commencing with Section 17000) of the Financial Code, or with any
person exempt from the Escrow Law under paragraph (1) or (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 17006 of the Financial Code.
  (c) The owner shall deposit funds in the account in the amount provided in Section 8728. This chapter does not require a construction lender to agree to deposit proceeds of a construction loan in the account.


  (d) The owner shall grant the direct contractor a perfected, first priority security interest in the account and in all funds deposited by the owner in the account and in their proceeds, established to
the reasonable satisfaction of the direct contractor, which may be by a written opinion of legal counsel for the owner.
  (e) The funds on deposit in the account shall be the sole property of the owner, subject to the security interest of the direct contractor. The owner and the direct contractor shall instruct the
escrow holder to hold the funds on deposit in the account for the purpose of perfecting the direct contractor's security interest in the account and to disburse those funds only on joint authorization of the owner and the direct contractor, or pursuant to a court order that is binding on both of them.



8728.  The following provisions govern a deposit to or disbursement from a construction security escrow account under this chapter:
  (a) Before the commencement of work the owner shall make an initial deposit to the account in an amount not less than 15 percent of the contract price for the work of improvement or, if the work of improvement is to be substantially completed within six months after the commencement of work, not less than 25 percent of the contract price.

  (b) If the contract provides for a retention to be withheld from a periodic payment to the direct contractor, the owner shall deposit to the account the amount withheld as retention at the time the owner makes the corresponding payment to the direct contractor from which the retention is withheld.
  (c) The amount required to be maintained on deposit shall not exceed the total amount remaining to be paid to the direct contractor pursuant to the contract or as adjusted by agreement between the owner and the direct contractor. If the amount on deposit equals or exceeds the total amount remaining to be paid to the direct contractor, the owner and the direct contractor shall authorize disbursement to the direct contractor for progress payments then due
the direct contractor,
but a party is not obligated to authorize disbursement that would cause the amount remaining on deposit following the disbursement to be less than the total amount remaining to be paid to the direct contractor.
  (d) The owner and the direct contractor shall authorize the disbursement to the owner of any funds remaining on deposit after the direct contractor has been paid all amounts due pursuant to the contract. The owner and the direct contractor shall authorize the disbursement of funds on deposit pursuant to a court order that is binding on both of them. The owner and the direct contractor may agree in the contract to additional conditions for the disbursement of funds on deposit, except that the conditions may not cause the amount remaining on deposit to be less than the amount required under this section.

8730.  If the contract price for a work of improvement is not a fixed price, the amount of security provided under this chapter shall be the guaranteed maximum price or, if there is no guaranteed maximum price, the owner's and direct contractor's good faith estimate of the reasonable value of the work to be provided pursuant to the contract.




加利福尼亚州民法典

(第8720条—8730条)


第8720条  所有权人应当采用下述方式提供担保:


(a)符合本法第8722条所规定各项条件的保函;

(b)符合本法第8724条所规定各项条件的不可撤销信用证;或者

(c)符合本法第8726条所规定各项条件的托管账户。



第8722条 本章规定的保函应当满足下列全部条件:

(a)该保函系由提供保证保险业务的保险人签发。所述保险人应为”加州财政部核准保证人名单(财政部公告570号)”上所列明的或者已获A级或A级以上贝氏评级(A.M.Best)的保险人。并且,该保险人依据《加州保险法》第12090条之规定所确定的承保限额应当高于保函数额。


(b)保函金额不得低于相应修缮作业合同金额的15%。如果所述修缮作业拟在开工之后六个月内基本完成,则保函金额不得低于合同金额的25%。



(c)该保函应以所有权人在相应合同项下无争议款项到期后超过30日未能支付为付款成就条件。



第8724条 本章规定的不可撤销信用证应当满足下列全部条件:


(a)该信用证应由《加州金融法典》第5107条规定的金融机构签发,并以直接承包商为受益人。

(b)信用证金额不得低于相应修缮作业合同金额的15%。如果所述修缮作业拟在开工之后六个月内基本完成,则信用证金额不得低于合同金额的25%。





(c)信用证到期日及其他适用条款由所有权人、直接承包商和开证金融机构协商确定。但是,所有权人在其未能满足针对直接承包商的付款义务之前,应当保持该信用证有效。



第8762条  本章规定的托管账户应当满足下列全部条件:


(a)该账户应当设为”建筑工程担保托管专用账户“。


(b)该账户应当位于本州境内,并应向业已依据《托管法》(《加州金融法典》第6部分(自第17000条开始))取得相应许可的托管代理人开立,或者向《加州金融法典》第17006条a款第1项和第3项规定的不适用《托管法》的法人组织开立。

(c)所有权人应当按照《加州金融法典》第8728条规定的数额在该托管账户中存入资金。本章并不要求将建筑项目贷款孳息存入该托管账户须征得建筑项目贷款人同意。

(d)所有权人应当赋予直接承包商对于该账户,以及对于所有权人在该账户中存入的资金和相应孳息,享有已完成的第一优先权担保权益。设立该担保权益应当满足直接承包商的合理要求。直接承包商所提要求的合理性可以依据所有权人法律顾问出具的意见书确定。


(e)托管账户内存入的资金归所有权人独自享有,但以直接承包商享有相应担保权益为前提。所有权人与直接承包商应当指示托管账户持有人持有托管账户内存入的资金,用于完成直接承包商在该托管账户内享有的担保权益,并仅依所有权人和直接承包商共同授权,或者对所有权人和直接承包商均有约束力之法院判令,支付相应款项。




第8728条 以下条款适用于在本章规定的建筑工程担保托管专用账户中存、取款项的行为:

(a)在作业项目开工之前,所有权人应当按照不低于修缮作业合同金额15%的数额向托管账户中存入首期资金。如果所述修缮作业拟在开工之后六个月内基本完成,则首期存入金额不得低于合同金额的25%。


(b)如果合同规定在向直接承包商周期性支付的款项中留存部分款项,则所有权人应当在其向直接承包商付款同时,将留存的款项存入托管账户。





(c)留存款项的数额不得超过根据相应合同,或者根据所有权人与直接承包商协商调整后所达成的协议,应向直接承包商支付的余额总款。如果留存款项数额达到或者超过应向直接承包商支付的余额总款,所有权人和直接承包商应当授权托管账户持有人向直接承包商支付已经到期的进度款。但是,在向直接承包商支付某一款项后可能导致留存款数额低于应向直接承包商所支付余额总款的情况下,任何一方当事人均无义务对此做出付款授权。



(d)在直接承包商根据相应合同已经收取全部到期款项之后, 所有权人与直接承包商应当授权托管账户持有人将托管账户中留存的资金全部支付给所有权人。对于对所有权人和直接承包商均具约束力的法院判令,所有权人和直接承包应当按其指示对托管账户资金做出付款授权。所有权人与直接承包商可以在合同中对托管账户资金支付事宜协商增加其他适用条款。但是,所增加条款不得导致托管账户中留存的资金数额低于本条规定的数额。



第8730条 如果某项修缮作业合同的价款并非固定价款,本章规定的担保金额应为最高担保价款。如果并无最高担保价款,则本章规定的担保金额应为所有权人和直接承包商基于诚信原则对相应合同项下作业项目价值的合理预估数额。



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