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United States federal courts  

2013-01-20 13:21:48|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The United States federal courts make up the judiciary branch of federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.
The courts are one of the three coequal branches of the federal government, and include:
Highest court
Court of last resort:
- Supreme Court of the United States (which primarily has applelate jurisdiction but also has original jurisdiction over a very narrow range of cases)
Appellate courts
Courts with geographic-based applellate jurisdiction:
- The eleven numbered United States courts of appleals
- The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Courts with applellate jurisdiction over specific subject matter:
- United States Court of Appleals for Veterans Claims
- United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
- United States Court of Apleals for the Federal Circuit
- United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review
Original Jurisdiction
General trial courts:
- United States district courts (one in each of the 94 federal judicial districts)
Courts with original jurisdiction over specific subject matter:
- United States Alien Terrorist Removal Court
- United States bankruptcy courts (one in each of the 94 federal judicial districts)
- United States Court of Federal Claims
- United States Court of International Trade
- United States Court of Private Land Claims (1891 -1904)
- United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
-United States Tax Court
While federal courts are generally created by the United States Congress under the constitutional power described in Article III, many of the specialized courts are created under the authority granted in Article I. Greater power is vested in Article III courts because they are independent of Congress, the President, and the political process.
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