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且行且译(翻译专用)

ENGLISH<>CHINESE TRANSLATION

 
 
 

日志

 
 

招标流程  

2012-01-04 20:15:21|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Tendering Process

In order to ensure that the Council is offering best value-for-money, it has a thorough tendering process. In general terms it begins with a needs analysis, followed by supplier selection, the tender itself and ending with the award of the contract and contract monitoring.

Needs Analysis
Before a tender is issued, the responsible Council Manager will ensure that he or she researches the needs of end-users to make sure that the tender Specification meets these needs. This may include community consultation in the case of large projects.

Supplier Selection
For smaller contracts Council managers will carry out their own supplier search, or use pre-negotiated contracts with Governmental buying groups such as Hertfordshire Business Services and OGC Buying Solutions ("OGC"). The Council can participate in these pre-negotiated contracts without having to go out to tender. Suppliers can approach these organisations separately to enquire about opportunities to supply.

In the case of information technology and communications (ICT) and consulting, the Council also has the option of accessing pre-negotiated OGC contracts via G-Cat (IT Catalogue) or S-Cat (IT Services).

Tendering Documents
Tender documents - usually called an Invitation to Tender (ITT) - will most likely contain the following sections:

Introduction - background information on the tender

Tender Conditions - the legal parameters surrounding the tender

Specification - the description of the supplies, service or works to be provided

Instructions for Tender Submission - instructions for the bidders

Qualitative Tender Response - qualitative questions to be answered by the bidder

Pricing and Delivery Schedule - quantitative questions to be answered by the bidder

Form of Tender - declaration to be signed by the bidder

Certificate of Non-Collusion - declaration that the bidder has not colluded with any other bidder on the tender

Draft of Proposed Contract - a draft of the contract which will be signed by the successful bidder

Tendering Procedures
Normally, Council tenders will be restricted or open Tenders. Council tenders that fall under EU Procurement thresholds will be Restricted, Open or Negotiated tenders.

Restricted tenders follow a two-stage process. All suppliers expressing an interest will be sent a pre-qualifying questionnaire (PQQ). The PQQ is split into a number of sections, and typically covers:

General Company details - including address, contact details and company structure. These questions are designed to ensure that Three Rivers District Council knows that it is dealing with a genuine, established company.

Technical Resources - including size of relevant business, work categories supplied, existence of any disputes, and outstanding claims, skills and qualifications of staff. These questions are designed to allow the supplier to demonstrate that they are indeed capable of performing the contract offered in the tender.

Financial Information - including turnover and profit information, taxation and insurance cover. These questions are designed to ensure that the supplier is financially strong, and has the financial capacity to handle the size of contract on offer.

Health & Safety - provision of a health and safety policy and details of the person responsible for implementing the policy. The Council has an obligation to ensure the safety of its own employees, the citizens of the district and indeed the supplier's employees.

Equal Opportunities - compliance with statutory obligations under the Race Relations Act 1976. 

References - provision of relevant references. The Council finds it very useful to ask suppliers' past clients about past performance.

Suppliers will be short-listed based on this information, and the Invitation to Tender will be sent to the appropriate number of tenderers, usually 5 to 8 companies. In the case of tenders that fall under EU Procurement thresholds, suppliers have 37 days to respond to the PQQ, and 40 days to respond to the ITT.

Open tenders allow any supplier that expresses an interest in tendering to be sent the Invitation to Tender documents. The supplier will simply send a letter referring to the contract, expressing an interest, and enclosing the relevant contact details. In the case of tenders that fall within EU Procurement thresholds, suppliers have 52 days to respond to the ITT.

Award of Contract

Most contracts are awarded on a "most economically advantageous tender" basis.  Therefore, the evaluation will not usually be restricted to just the cost.  A contract will be awrded after evaluating a range of criteria, which are usually weighted by importance.  Criteria other than cost may include:

Quality
Experience
Proposed invoicing and payment processes
Proposed implementation timetable 

Contract Award
Once the contract has been awarded, the Council will enter into a contract with the selected supplier based on the Draft of Proposed Contract included in the tendering documents.

Contract Monitoring

The Council will expect to meet with the selected supplier(s) on a regular basis to review performance and discuss any related issues.
   

 http://www.threerivers.gov.uk/Default.aspx/Web/TheTenderingProcess

 

*附:Invitation to Tender documents   PQQ sample   ITT sample   
         

 

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